A Five And One Hundred Dollar Confederate States Of America Interest Bearing Banknote.
These notes were authorized by the Confederate Congress during the Civil War (1861–1865). The Union banknotes had green printing on the back and were known as greenbacks. The backs of Confederate banknotes were blank and in circulation became a dirty gray. They became known as “gray-backs”.
The five dollar banknote shows Minerva, the Goddess of War on the left and George Washington the right. The five maidens in the center represent Commerce, Agriculture, Justice, Liberty and Industry. This note was issued on September 2, 1861 and 58,860 were printed by the Southern Bank Note Company. This was the New Orleans branch of the American Bank Note Company of New York. The bill is 7.125 by 3.125 inches (180 mm by 79 mm) Collectors refer to this note as a Type-31.
The one hundred dollar banknote shows slaves hoeing cotton in the center with John C. Calhoun on the left and Columbia on the right. This note is dated December 22, 1862. Over 670,000 of these notes were issued from August, 1862 to January, 1863. The bill is 7.375 by 3.125 inches (187 mm by 79 mm) and is thinner than a modern US dollar. Collectors refer to this note as a Type-41.
This image was included in the 2011 edition of A Short History of the Civil War by James L Stokesbury. Published by Harper, ISBN 978-0-06-206478-3.